By Mihika Hingar

The national banner transporter’s PK-8303 disaster on Friday 22nd May 2020, in which 97 individuals were killed, and two marvelously endure, is one of the most cataclysmic avionics calamities in the nation’s history. Ninety-seven individuals were killed, and two travelers marvelously survive a destructive accident after a Pakistan International Airlines plane with 99 explorers onboard dove into a thickly populated local location close to the Jinnah International Airport here, authorities said on Saturday. Flight PK-8303 from Lahore slammed at the Jinnah Garden zone close to Model Colony in Malir on Friday evening, minutes before it arrived in Karachi. Eleven individuals on the ground were harmed. Sindh wellbeing authorities have said that 97 individuals have been affirmed dead, while two endure the accident.

WHAT EXACTLY HAPPENED?

  • THE PATH

This is precisely the route followed by the aircraft. Domestic flight services have been resumed in India the same way the aircraft services were resumed in Pakistan. The officials state that the plane did not have any technical difficulties before flying and was wholly checked and examined. The investigation is still going on, and one is yet to find the fundamental cause for its crash, but an analysis from a pilot’s point of view can be done using the conversation done from the cockpit.

The recordings weren’t most transparent, but a brief analysis of what could have happened can be drawn mostly.

  • ANALYSIS OF THE RECORDINGS

The pilot starts by saying that they are comfortable, and they will be able to make it, which assures that the height and the altitude of the aircraft are proper.

The pilot clarifies here that they are at 3500 ft and is established at the ILS 25 L. Here to understand the ILS-Instrument landing system.

This system joins the aircraft to the imaginary center line to ensure the smooth landing on the runway.

What came out from the analysis is that the aircraft was not at the correct altitude. There is a term called glide slope on which aircraft should be before landing. But usually, there can be a case of false glide slope, which means that it is not at the ideal altitude, which leads to the aircraft touching the runway away from the starting of the track.

During these recordings, an important point to note that there was a continuous chime. This continuous chime comes when there is a significant failure in the aircraft.

Now, if we observe the picture, we realize that the engine had been scraped, which meant that when aircraft did its first landing trial, the engines touched the ground and scraped off, which usually happens when it slides along the concrete, which is the runway.

Thus aircraft had already tried landing and tried to land back when it crashed.

Thus when the aircraft landed first landing gear wasn’t down or wasn’t locked; therefore, the engine touched the runway and had metal scraping. This kind of landing is called a belly landing.

Hence the recording analyzed was after the first landing trial. The pilots had realized that engines had scraped, and they had to land safely on the runway. Here the ATC-Air traffic control tried to remind them, but the pilots couldn’t precisely hear because they had lost the sense of hearing in such a stressful situation, which is a normal human tendency.

However, the chime listened meant that either the two engines stopped working or flamed out, which is a critical situation.

Here the ATC tells them that they should reach 3500 ft and approach again. The pilots confirmed that they want to land on the ILS 25L for a safe landing as soon as possible.

Here is the most critical point, the ATC tells the pilots that although the instructions were for 3000 ft, they were losing till 2000 ft. This recording makes a particular fact that both the engines of the aircraft failed, which is a very deadly situation because every aircraft is capable of flying with one engine, but it loses altitude only when both of the engines stop working. Here the ATC told them that they couldn’t even maintain 2000ft, and thus aircraft was dropping altitude, which was a significant concern for ATC.

Now the ATC wanted the aircraft to go around and align to the runway, but the pilots realized that they had lost engines and they could not take the long path and follow the whole ILS procedure instead turned left and told that they had to move around from their current position and try for landing.

In this situation, the pilot says MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, which is an emergency signal in an aircraft. Also, Mayday is only reported when both of the engines of the aircraft fail.

Now when the pilots say Mayday, ATC would stop everything and landing that particular aircraft becomes their priority. But after this, nothing was heard from the pilots.

This was the last communication heard from PK-8303.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Imran Khan, while communicating profound distress over the loss of precious lives because of the PIA traveler plane accident in Karachi, has requested a prompt investigation into the occurrence.

One thing which is cannot be denied is that every aircraft crash brings in a lot of lost lives, a lot of families, hopes, and dreams being shattered. So let’s all join forces and hold hands through these tough times. Let God shower us with happiness, and may such incidences not repeat themselves. Inshallah!

References:

https://indianexpress.com/article/pakistan/crashed-pakistan-planes-pilot-ignored-3-warnings-to-lower-altitude-report-6426332/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/mayday-mayday-says-pilot-moments-before-pakistan-plane-crash-that-killed-many/article31656135.ece

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